Judaism, at almost six thousand years old, is the oldest monotheistic religion. The basic tenet of Judaism is loving kindness, as Rabbi Hillel said, “What is hateful unto you do not do unto others. The rest is commentary.”
The holy book, the ‘Torah’ (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy), Jews believe, was given to Moses by God on Mount Sinai and lays down the precepts that are still followed today. For example, the six hundred and thirteen commandments including Ten Commandments and the stringent dietary laws known as kashrut (kosher).
Israel is the Holy Land for Jews who pray facing Jerusalem. The communal prayer house is known as a synagogue or shul.